This is what we came to see in Athens - the Acropolis and the ancient Athenian life.
The entire mythology of Athens and the history of monuments on the Acropolis revolve around its patron deity. The Parthenon, the Erechtheion and the small temple of Athena Nike were dedicated to the goddess Athena in her various roles.
From 'The Athens of Pericles': Many believe that the sculptures of Parthenon were created in an ideal, almost divine environment. However in reality, things were quite different. These works of art were created in an era of severe political upheaval, with serious challenges to this first fragile democracy and unprecedented new initiatives in the state's economy.